Total views : 810
An Empirical Study of the CDM Projects: With Special Reference to Base Line Methodologies & Climate-friendly Technologies
With the Kyoto Protocol becoming legally binding on 16 February 2005, the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is becoming a key instrument for limiting greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) and promoting sustainable development. For both developing and developed countries to benefit from the CDM, it is important to establish increased awareness and understanding of its various aspects. Building capacities in the baseline methodology and assessment of GHG emission reductions/sequestration benefits of CDM projects are keys to the successful development and implementation of the CDM. This research paper aims to address these important issues and thus assist project developers in establishing baselines for CDM projects following guidelines based on relevant decisions of Conference of Parties (COP) and CDM Executive Board (CDM-EB) as well as other sources. The authors in this research study highlight the key CDM project criteria and eligible CDM projects. It further explains the basic concept of a baseline and its context in CDM. It then discusses the key concepts of a baseline and the key elements of a baseline methodology. The authors present the tools for assessment of additionality recommended by the CDM-EB for large scale CDM projects. The research study also discusses the application of the tool and highlights the key elements for assessing additionality in proposed CDM projects. The study focuses on small scale CDM (SSC) projects. The paper attempts to presents the guidelines for SSC and SSC categories recommended by CDM-EB. The study further discusses the recommended simplified baseline methodologies for SSC categories along with examples to explain the use of these methodologies. Finally, the process of submission of new project categories and methodologies to the CDM-EB is discussed. The author presents the steps for establishing baselines for large scale CDM projects. Baselines for large scale CDM projects can be established either using existing approved baseline methodologies or by developing a new baseline methodology. The paper also includes the approved baseline methodologies for grid connected power generation projects, solid waste management projects and industrial process improvement projects.
CDM, Additionality, Baseline, GHGs, Sustainability
- Benioff, R. et al. (2010). Strengthening Clean Energy Technology Cooperation under the UNFCCC: Steps toward Implementation. NREL,ECN and URC.
- Brown, K. et al. (2004). How do CDM Projects Contribute to Sustainable Development? The Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, Norwich, UK.
- Dechezleprêtre, A. et al. (2009). Technology Transfer by CDM Projects: A comparison of Brazil, China, India and Mexico. Energy Policy
- Dechezleprêtre, A. et al. (2008). The Clean Development Mechanism and the International Diffusion of Technologies: An Empirical Study. Energy Policy, 36, 1273–83.
- Foray, D. (2009). Technology Transfer in the TRIPS Age: The Need for New Types of Partnerships between the Least Developed and Most Advanced Economies. Issue Paper No.23, International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development.
- Gordon, J (2010). The CDM and Sustainable Development. Evans School of Public Affairs, University of Washington, USA.
- Haites, E. et al. (2006). Technology Transfer by CDM Projects. Margaree Consultants Inc., Canada.
- IPCC (2000). IPCC Special Report: Methodological and Technological Issues in Technology Transfer – Summary for Policy Makers. A Special Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Working Group III, IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland.
- Jahn, M. et al. (2003). Unilateral CDM – Chances and Pitfalls. Climate Protection Programme, GTZ GmbH, Germany.
- Kantor, B (2007). Sustainable Development within the Climate Context SouthSouthNorth and the Clean Development Mechanism. Available at: http://www.un.org/wcm/content/site/chronicle/cache/bypass/home/archive/issues2007/pid/5018?ctnscroll_article ContainerList=1_0&ctnlistpagination_artic leContainerList=true [accessed 3 July 2011]
- Kathuria, V (2002). Technology transfer for GHG reduction: A framework with application to India. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 69, 405–30.
- Krey, M (2004). Transaction Costs of CDM Projects in India: An Empirical Survey. HWWA- Report No. 238, Hamburgisches Welt-Wirtschafts-Archiv (HWWA), Hamburg Institute of International Economics.
- Lall, S (1993). Understanding Technology Development. Development and Change, 24(4), 719-53.
- Mowery, D.C. and Rosenberg, N. (1989). Technology and the Pursuit of Economic Growth. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
- Nelson, R. R. and Winter, S.J.(1982). An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass.
- Newell, P. (2009). Varieties of CDM Governance: Some Reflections. Journal of Environment and Development, 18, 425-535.
- OECD (2008). OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2008. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris.
- Olsen, K. H. (2007). The Clean Development Mechanism's Contribution to Sustainable Development: A Review of the Literature. Climatic Change, 84, 59–73.
- Rindefjäll, T. et al. (2010). Wine, fruit and emission reductions: CDM as development strategy in Chile. Working Paper 004, The Governance of Clean Development Working Paper Series. School of International Development, University of East Anglia UK.
- Seres, S. and Haites, E. (2008). Analysis of Technology Transfer in CDM Projects. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
- Seres, S. et al. (2007). Analysis of Technology Transfer in CDM Projects. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.